Tuesday, December 20, 2011

MEDIA


               MEDIA STUDIES IN INDIA MILES TO GO

        It would had been better if Justice Markandey Katzu had been noted on the media study and a build up of media institution in last few years in metro cities, too, as he earlier candidly remarked on the intellectual worth of media persons, specially in main stream, during lashing out at Indian media in an interview with a news channel. Fascinatingly, Media, which is in paranoia, after Katzu’s slap on it’s activity and had been badly criticized for it’s flawed behaviour in civil society, must be x-raid by one more angle right now to get some hidden fractures.
The grass root problem of Indian Media is not only infrastructural designing but also the quality of man power in a broad perspect. How can anyone expect a good and ideal family without having a bunch of healthy members? Is it possible? No, of course, because ideas and understandings have a key role in building an ideal family and without having such ornaments family would be seemed as widow. Correspondingly anyone can’t anticipate an objective and dutiful media until and unless the manpower, who is devoted to concerning Press, would be of that level.   
‘‘People, who are good at writing and have an outstanding communication skills, can go for journalism. Career in journalism is full of lucrative career options and many challenges. With the arrival of so many news channels, journalists are ample growth and well paid remuneration. You may also work with the leading Hindi and English newspaper of your city’’ Copied by an advertisement of a Delhi based Private media institution. Let’s break down the mentality of publisher. Unquestionably, being a good writer is an essential spirit for a good auther but it can never be a guarantee for a good journalist. If it had been a truth there were no need of copy editor or proof editor in a newspaper or news channel. The soul of journalism is watch dog except representation. Representation is the secondary process but where the process starts need a keen obsernation, information and imagination. It can be better understood by photo journalism. Photo journalism is an art according to which someone search a message in the blue, which normally overlooks. Editing and presenting that pic by using softwares are the secondary process and must not be defined as the supreme part of journalism. There are so many examples in Hindi language state where stringer of news channels as well as mufassil reporter don’t have any degree or certificate of a media institution, still their work catch audience’s attention. P Sainath, a renowned journalist of the world and also mentioned respectfully by Katzu during that interview, has been a student of History from JNU, New Delhi. Even majority of contemporary journalists belong on the same backgroud including Law, Literature, Science, Arts except an authentic degree or certificater of Journalism from any institute. According to P Sainath, ‘There are two kinds of journalists. One kind are journalists, the other are stenographers’. Now, certificates and degrees of journalism are the gate pass for entering in any Media Houses
          In fact, the structure of Media institution in India must be scanned in big sphare. The number of university-qualified journalists continues to grow all around the world including India, but  the quality of journalism in going to be declined universally proportional to the technical hype. It’s hard to believe now that anyone can play journalism without an authentic certificate of journalism. If you choose not to get a journalism degree, it might be okay for a while, but it is likely to be a decision you will eventually regret. It clearly means you will have to achieve a degree to cross the check point of journalism, specially in Metro cities. According to Francis Wade, writer and sub-editor for Democratic Voice of Burma “when deciding on a school for journalism studies, the key factor is whether your place of choice effectively balances the hands-on, practical side of reporting with a good insight into how the media industry works. Both play key roles in the quality of your output and in helping you to understand the credibility of whatever organization/institution you choose. The majority of media groups are increasingly sacrificing good journalism for material that can be generated quickly and that satistfies a mainstream audience, regardless of the strength of the story, and a strong school should help you to develop both a sharp insight into how the industry functions, and equip you with the necessary tools to make you a driven, but sensitive, journalist.” Now the burning question is of balances among the definitions of journalism. Of course you can’t weight out all the journalism equally. For example, ‘Wikileaks has a difference in opinion with Aljazeera’. We must not forget that the source of economy of any media houses decide what should be the definition of journalism. In the era of Brand Capital, Private Treaty, Media Partner, Paid News etc, the definition of journalism and media has been changed as it earlier defined as the fourth piller of democracy. If Julian Assange or Jimmy Wales are looking for economic help, it can’t be ignored as just a news. In India, a famous Hindi web portal requested for donation to it’s audience, too. No need to say that after 2009 Paid News episode and Nira Radia Tape controvercy the definition of Media has been fully changed.
          Now, coming to the point, Indian education system is itself suffering so many challenges due to lack of good policies. There’s no place of any Indian institutions in the world top ten list. In Journalism, the scene is more blackish. Government Media institutions are as same as Prasar Bharti, where seats are still vacant. As number of media channels is going to rise day by day, private media institutions also growing up in the same tempo but number of Government Journalism Colleges are in stand by mode! Indian Institute Of Mass Communication, a prestigious Government Media Institution, is on hold for 3 years, at least, for allowing Master Degree in Journalism and Mass Communication! In the mirror of IIMC, one can identify with the government awareness toward Journalism education. In the era of LPG(Liberilation, Privatisation and Globalization), government such policies boost Private Sector to fly as it can and the consequences of that policy has been seen on the ground where at least, more than hundred Private Media Institution emerge in the streets of New Delhi and other Metro cities with a new definition of Media, Mass Communication and Journalism in toto, where target audience, TRP and Market values have more regard than ethics, morality, reality, truth, objectivity and all what Markandey Katzu talked about.
          Let’s welome a counter of Andrew Spooner, a renowned blogger and travel writer for The Guardian, according to which “Having taugh Journalism to undergrauds I would probably ask something about what links they have to the industry. Do they have good quality guest speakers and some lecturers with a proven and published track record? In the UK do they think to NCTJ courses, or if elsewhere, do they promote similar standard? Do they also promote critical thinking and engage student on broader issues? It is easy to teach student to do things-harder to get them to actually think what/how/why they are doing it”
          In India, almost all channels inaugurated their Media schools in during last few years. For teaching journalism? Yes. Which type of journalism? This question is still unanswered because of so many definitions of journalism exist after globalization in India. Most of these colleges even have not a proper library or group discussion programme which is the oxyzen for any media institution still these institution are going up day by day. The fee structure of private institution starts form 2 lakhs onwards. Clearly students, who join such institutes speculate a job after courses by so called campus placements so that he or she could get money back which he or she invested in study. Even, there’s no standard entrance exam or inteview for admission at all except some Private Media institutions. Everyone knows the Hindi journalism students of IIMC have been placed in different Media houses in 6000 to 7000 per months. IIMC is one among the reputed library holder in world and organizes all India level entrance, still less than 40 percent student in session (2009-10) have been placed with average 7000 Rupees per month in Hindi Journalism.
          Now, taste a news published recently from Allahabad dateline of a Delhi based Hindi newspaper. “Chand kee tasdik ke sath aai khushiyan, aaj se muharram” is just an example of what’s going on in Media. Who cares? One famous incident must be underlined here. In 1993 Sainath applied for a Times Of India fellowship. At the interview he spoke of his plans to report from rural India. When an editor asked him, “Suppose I tell you my readers aren’t interested in this stuff”, Sainath riposted, “When did you last meet your readers to make any such claims on their behalf”?  It’s the time when the burning questions concerning media studies must be discussed otherwise we will be too late.
                     PUBLISHED IN MUBAI BASED NEWSPAPER - LINK

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